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tridimity
Post  Post subject: A European origin for the first advanced civilisation  |  Posted: Wed May 15, 2013 1:39 pm

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Wrap your eyeballs around this Science... the Minoans, the first advanced European civilisation, had European origins rather than African origins, as previously conjectured:

Quote:
Hughey et al wrote:
The first advanced Bronze Age civilization of Europe was established by the Minoans about 5,000 years before present. Since Sir Arthur Evans exposed the Minoan civic centre of Knossos, archaeologists have speculated on the origin of the founders of the civilization. Evans proposed a North African origin; Cycladic, Balkan, Anatolian and Middle Eastern origins have also been proposed. Here we address the question of the origin of the Minoans by analysing mitochondrial DNA from Minoan osseous remains from a cave ossuary in the Lassithi plateau of Crete dated 4,400–3,700 years before present. Shared haplotypes, principal component and pairwise distance analyses refute the Evans North African hypothesis. Minoans show the strongest relationships with Neolithic and modern European populations and with the modern inhabitants of the Lassithi plateau. Our data are compatible with the hypothesis of an autochthonous development of the Minoan civilization by the descendants of the Neolithic settlers of the island.


http://www.nature.com/ncomms/journal/v4/n5/pdf/ncomms2871.pdf

Anthropology isn't my field, but I imagine that this will be of particular interest to certain members, especially SkinWalker?

Ref.

Hughey JR, Paschou P, Drineas P, Mastropaolo D, Lotakis DM, Navas PA, Michalodimitrakis M, Stamatoyannopoulos JA & Stamatoyannopoulos G (2013) A European population in Minoan Bronze Age Crete. Nature Communications DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2871

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marnixR
Post  Post subject: Re: A European origin for the first advanced civilisation  |  Posted: Wed May 15, 2013 4:22 pm
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tridimity wrote:
Wrap your eyeballs around this Science... the Minoans, the first advanced European civilisation, had European origins rather than African origins, ...


how do you define "advanced" ?

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jimmydasaint
Post  Post subject: Re: A European origin for the first advanced civilisation  |  Posted: Sat May 18, 2013 11:19 am
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Interesting stuff. However, surely any civilisatiion/settlement that develops rules for community life and then rises to take an interest in art and culture also would also develop links with other "civilised" nations for trade or cross-fertlisation of knowledge? Are there incidences of societies that exist in isolation?

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kojax
Post  Post subject: Re: A European origin for the first advanced civilisation  |  Posted: Wed Aug 21, 2013 1:13 am
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It depends what you mean by "isolation". Culture in the Americas is believed to have evolved absent any influence from the old world.


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